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Acne is very common in teenagers and women or men in their twenties. But, what is acne? How can acne occur? And, how to solve it? This article will help you understand some things about acne and how to treat it. Remember, you are not alone. And here, you can find the useful information you will need.
Acne is often associated with small red bumps or spots on the face. But, you know, not all pimples are red? Acne has a different appearance, depending on the severity. Starting from clogged pores (commonly called blackheads), small inflamed bumps (papules and pustules), to large acne cysts and nodules.
Many people don’t think that clogged pores are a form of acne, but it is! Clogged pores or blackheads can be open (blackhead) or closed (whitehead), and can develop into larger inflamed bumps, which we usually call pimples.
1. Black and white blackheads
In blackheads (open comedones), the blockage is on the surface of the skin and is oxidized by the air, making it appear black. In whiteheads (closed comedones), the blockage is inside the skin and causes white bumps that tend to be softer.
2. Papules and pustules
Then, what are acne papules and pustules? The two forms are almost the same, in the form of lumps on the skin, but the papules are red and painful, while the pustules are white due to the buildup of pus. Cysts and nodules acne is a more severe category.
3. Acne cysts and nodules
Cystic pimples look like large, painful, pus-filled boils, while nodules are hard lumps under the surface of the skin in large numbers. The more severe the acne, the higher the chances of it leaving scars.
Acne, especially severe ones, requires the care of a dermatologist. This is because everyone’s skin condition is different. Treatment that is suitable for one person may not work for another. If not treated properly, severe acne can become chronic pimples that last a very long time, even up to 8-12 years. Chronic acne may be a treatment for many years.
The onset of acne starts from clogged pores . Dead skin cells, sweat residue, and dirt can build up and clog the pores where hair grows. This triggers inflammation until a small lump appears on the skin. This skin disorder often occurs in parts of the body that have many oil glands such as the face, neck, back, and upper chest.
Hormonal changes (for example during puberty, pregnancy, or menstruation) can also trigger acne because they increase the production of sebum (oil) in your body, which then builds up in your pores. The accumulated oil mixed with sweat and dirt will invite P. acnes bacteria which then thrive and cause inflammation. If not treated properly, the inflammation can spread to nearby tissue and make acne get bigger.
In addition to the factors above, acne can also be caused by genetic factors, food, stress, and side effects of drugs, make-up, or hair dye that you use. Knowing the cause will make it easier for you to prevent or treat acne .
Here are the steps we suggest you take in treating acne:
1. Choose make-up made from water and do not trigger blackheads
2. Clean the face when going to sleep
3. Wash the face with a cleanser made from soft
4. Applying anti- acne patches containing hydrocolloids
5. Using a cold compress, even better if it contains anti-inflammatory ingredients
6. Ask for help from a dermatologist
The following are things you CANNOT do to get rid of acne:
1. Hold pimples with unwashed hands
2. Squeeze pimples, because it will spread bacteria to healthy skin and cause scars
3. Wash your face too often
4. Rub the face when cleaning it
5. Using an irritating facial soap (it can exfoliate the skin)
6. Wear thick, oil-based make-up
Acne lasts for varying amounts of time for each person . Many teens find their acne improves with age, and almost disappears by the time they are in their twenties. Others have acne well into adulthood.
The speed and duration of acne heals also depends on the type. Mild acne like blackheads can go away in a matter of days or weeks, but severe acne can last for years.
The good news is acne is treatable – and preventable. Apart from staying away from trigger factors, such as stress and sugary foods, a skin care solution specially made for you can also help. You can find tips like these in our other articles. Make sure to keep reading!
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